Indian euphony is our inheritance, but a musician’s heritage is music, musicology, phonology, and musical public presentation.
Without knowing the importance of all these, it is difficult to advance in the field of music.
Lack of any one of these, music remains an underdog in life story, which keeps the musician busy throughout his life, no issue how heights he is.
When we talk about music, we are talking about sounds and frequencies.
Sound is nothing but a wave which generated from the vibration caused by any reason and frequency is the number of waves passed through the fixed place at the unit of time or in another word the completion of a cyclic process at particular interval of time.
Now the SI unit of frequency is Hertz, So check the image below to know how it works
If you are now familiar with the frequency of sound then we can discuss further if not then I’d suggest you to search about the details then read below.
Now I know you’re thinking about the wide range of frequencies which are enomurous but just know that the human hearing range lies between 20Hz-20,000Hz. Though it can be varied under some circumstances but this data is commonly shared by the researchers.
Among those ranges, different cultures have developed the number of tones on their convenience and mostly they are the same with slight differences. Currently, western musical notes are known and shared by a large number of musicians or music lovers which is based on the Pythagorean theorem of music. In which they have 12 tones in the Equi-Tempered scale in an octave.
Now, what is an octave?
Take a frequency ‘x’ and double it, which will be ‘2x’ now the area between these two frequencies is known as an octave. Also ‘octovus’ is the Latin name of an octave and it means ‘eight’ and an octave contains eight tones that’s why it is known as an octave but we’ll go in-depth later.
Where ancient Indian classical music is based on ancient books like Natya Shastra, Samved, treaties of Gandharv and there are 22 microtones in an octave of Indian classical music which we’ll discuss further.